Cine per a fer pensar

Cine per a fer pensar

M’encanten les pel.lícules en blanc i negre… gairebé totes són bones. És normal: llavors el cine era cine de ver, les pel.lícules necessitaven bones històries i bons guions perquè no s’entretenia l’espectador amb efectes especials o escenes de llit… si no escoltaves el que es deia, no podies saber de què anava la pel.lícula… ara la majoria les podries veure amb el volum llevat i no et perdries massa cosa, és ver?

Bé, idò al Plus van fer “La fragata infernal” (“Billy Budd”, títol original), de l’any 1962, dirigida pel gran Peter Ustinov a partir d’una novel.la d’Hermann Melville, l’autor de “Moby Dick”. És un clàssic del cinema naval, una obra mestra molt poc coneguda, amb uns diàlegs preciosos i unes interpretacions molt destacables d’Ustinov, de Robert Ryan i del molt jove Terence Stamp, que en el seu debut cinematogràfic va ser nomenat a l’Oscar com a millor actor de repartiment. Me va agradar molt i a més lliga amb una cosa que deia la setmana passada respecte del personatge den Javert a “Los Miserables” den Victor Hugo.

En Javert, l’adversari del protagonista –gairebé la seva sombra-, és un inspector de policia, un home presoner del deure dut a les darreres conseqüències, inflexible, aferrat a l’altre sentit de la paraula obeir: l’obediència cega i no qüestionada a un deure que per a ell és sagrat i que està per damunt de tot i de tothom.

Cartell "Bibby Budd"

Cartell “Bibby Budd”

Idò bé, a “La fragata infernal” es dóna un debat similar al que viu en Javert en els darrers moments, i que resol de l’única manera que es veu capaç. El film d’Ustinov explica la història d’una fragata de guerra britànica –l’Avenger- que recull d’un vaixell anomenat, curiosament (som a l’any 1797), “Els drets de l’Home”, un jove mariner, en Billy Budd. Es tracta d’un jove amable, alegre, somrient, ingenu, feiner, generós, humil… i totalment innocent, amb el que aquesta paraula vol dir: algú no que fa el mal. Però per una circumstància es veu embolicat en la mort d’un oficial… i ja la tenim armada: el capità i els altres oficials hauran de prendre una difícil decisió i triar entre complir amb el seu deure o bé ser justos. Saben que el jove és innocent de la mort de l’oficial, però el seu deure d’oficials d’un vaixell de guerra els obliga a complir amb el codi militar… que no necessàriament cerca la justícia, clar. Així, complir amb el seu deure els farà anar en contra de la seva consciència.

erence Stamp i Robert Ryan.

Terence Stamp i Robert Ryan.

Javert es trobà amb el mateix conflicte: triar entre el seu deure com agent de la llei o el seu deure com a persona humana. I va triar el camí d’enmig.

Trob que quan topen aquests dos deures, el deure profà amb el deure de la consciència, sovint pateix algun innocent. I vosaltres, què en trobau? Quin deure és més important?

I és així com el cine bo, igual que els llibres bons, serveix per a fer-nos pensar. Pensar… una activitat que en els nostres dies està poc valorada…

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